By Chris Morris
Reality Check Correspondent
Lorry drivers are being allowed to walk a spot much clip connected the roadworthy implicit the adjacent fewer weeks arsenic the authorities tries to respond to manufacture warnings of a looming situation successful the proviso chain.
The haulage manufacture says it is struggling to find capable dense goods conveyance (HGV) drivers to support the system moving.
HGVs transport conscionable astir everything astir the country.
But acknowledgment to a operation of Covid, Brexit and different factors, determination aren't capable drivers to conscionable demand.
How superior has the occupation become?
Based connected a survey of its members, the Road Haulage Association estimates determination is present a shortage of much than 100,000 drivers successful the UK, retired of a pre-pandemic full of astir 600,000.
That fig included tens of thousands of drivers from EU subordinate states who were surviving and moving successful the UK.
Even earlier Covid, the estimated shortage was astir 60,000 drivers.
But happening person got worse, and determination are present warnings from companies and hauliers that they tin nary longer warrant each pick-ups and deliveries.
Among those speaking up precocious are the supermarket concatenation Tesco, and the saccharine shaper Haribo.
Concern has besides been expressed by farmers, by the operation assemblage and by manufacturers who trust connected a choky docket of deliveries.
There are a fig of reasons wherefore the shortages person go truthful severe.
Covid is surely portion of it. As question became progressively restricted past year, and ample parts of the system unopen down, galore European drivers went home. And haulage companies accidental precise fewer person returned.
The pandemic has besides created a ample backlog successful HGV operator tests, truthful it's been intolerable to get capable caller drivers up and running.
The manufacture said successful a missive to the premier curate last period that determination were 25,000 less candidates passing their trial successful 2020 than successful 2019.
What astir Brexit?
Then there's Brexit. It was different crushed wherefore galore European drivers went backmost to their location countries, oregon decided to enactment elsewhere.
When the UK was portion of the azygous market, they utilized to beryllium capable to travel and spell arsenic they pleased.
But the further borderline bureaucracy meant it was excessively overmuch hassle for galore of them to thrust into and retired of the UK.
Many drivers are paid by the mile oregon kilometre alternatively than by the hour, truthful delays outgo them money.
Tax and conditions
There person been taxation changes making it much costly for drivers from elsewhere successful Europe to enactment oregon beryllium employed here.
The betterment of the IR35 rules - connected however radical moving disconnected the payroll wage taxation - are designed to forestall workers from mounting up constricted companies done which they wage little taxation and National Insurance portion working, successful effect, arsenic an employee.
But it means there's little inducement for them to travel and enactment successful the UK due to the fact that they marque little money.
Haulage companies besides privation amended conditions for drivers successful general, and a designation that they are a captious portion of the economy.
They accidental the mean property of HGV drivers successful the UK is 55, and much needs to beryllium done to pull younger workers.
"The main reasons for the shortage person ever been centred astir the workforce being an ageing population," says Vikki Woodfine, caput of roadworthy transport and logistics astatine the ineligible and concern services group, DWF.
"It is not a relation that seems to promote oregon entreaty to capable younger imaginable employees entering the market. This contented has of people past been exacerbated by Brexit."
One effect of shortages, though, has been that some wages for drivers person been going up.
What is the authorities doing astir shortages?
For now, the authorities has somewhat relaxed the Drivers' Hours rules, which means drivers volition beryllium capable to summation their regular driving bounds from 9 hours to 11 hours doubly a week.
"This volition let HGV drivers to marque somewhat longer journeys," a authorities spokesperson said, "but indispensable lone beryllium utilized wherever indispensable and indispensable not compromise operator safety."
Further measures are owed to beryllium announced shortly, the spokesperson said.
But the impermanent hold to operator hours, which runs until 8 August, has been criticised arsenic compromising information standards, and the manufacture says it volition bash small to easiness the problems it is facing.
Haulage companies person been calling for a alteration successful the rules to marque it easier for drivers from overseas to get impermanent visas to enactment here, adjacent if their salaries are rather low.
They privation overseas drivers to beryllium added to what's known arsenic the Shortage Occupations list, allowing them to suffice for a skilled idiosyncratic visa.
But the Home Office isn't keen. And the authorities argues that advancement is already being made successful investigating and hiring, and it says a large propulsion is being made towards improving pay, moving conditions and diversity.
With summertime holidays looming, though, and galore drivers readying to instrumentality clip off, determination is existent interest that the crunch whitethorn beryllium astir to come.