Ola Maddams has captured striking shots of wildlife astatine nighttime successful her Buckinghamshire garden, utilizing a motion-activated distant camera.
With a full-time occupation successful marketing, Mrs Maddams spends her spare clip perfecting the creation of nighttime photography.
"I've besides been fascinated by remote-camera photography - a conception wherever a camera is near heavy successful the wilderness for weeks, oregon months, to seizure uncommon and shy animals," she tells BBC News.
"Photos captured this mode amusement animals astatine their astir earthy and relaxed."
Mrs Maddams has taken photographs of chaotic animals overseas, including lions, leopards and elephants successful Kenya's Masai Mara National Reserve.
But during coronavirus-lockdown restrictions successful 2020, she decided to absorption her photographic ambitions connected her plot successful Amersham, utilizing a passive infrared (PIR) sensor and 2 flashes.
"The sensor reacts to heat, truthful it triggers the camera erstwhile an carnal walks past it," she says.
"What has ever been astir important to maine is the payment of my wildlife models - the quest to get the 'perfect' changeable should ne'er travel astatine a outgo to wildlife.
"To marque definite the animals are not spooked by the clicking dependable of the camera, I spot it successful a lawsuit lined with sound-absorbing foam.
"The 2 flashes are acceptable to the minimal powerfulness level and are placed good supra the oculus level truthful arsenic not to origin them immoderate distress."
Mrs Maddams's involvement successful plot wildlife began 2 years agone successful a accidental encounter.
"I was speechmaking a publication connected the patio and abruptly felt I was being watched," she says.
"I saw a tiny carnal connected the steps to the plot and instantly thought it was a rat.
"When I realised it was a hedgehog, I was implicit the Moon - the past clip I had seen 1 was erstwhile I was 10 years old, successful Poland."
Encouraged by the sighting, Mrs Maddams and her hubby researched the carnal and started to permission retired cat-food and caller water.
And having bought an infrared way camera to grounds video footage, they discovered 2 hedgehogs, a fox, and a fig of section cats, would sojourn each night.
"We learned that conscionable similar humans, hedgehogs and foxes are creatures of habit, showing up successful our plot astatine circumstantial times and pursuing definite routines," she says.
But her archetypal attempts astatine remote-camera photography were disappointing.
"Some nights, each that my camera would seizure was a extremity of a fox's process oregon a hedgehog's backside," she says.
"Other nights, they wouldn't trigger the camera astatine all.
"But I didn't springiness up - it took a batch of patience and signifier to enactment retired the champion camera settings, positioning of my flashes and guesswork connected wherever the animals mightiness be.
"It felt similar playing a lottery, with immense imaginable rewards but debased likelihood of winning."
But aft mounting up the camera each nighttime for a twelvemonth successful her garden, Mrs Maddams's persistence paid off, with a postulation of striking photos.
"Each photograph needs gentle corrections to set the colour balance, unfastened up shadows oregon sometimes region an annoying leaf of writer that is distracting from the taxable of the photo," she says.
"I sometimes usage a gentle vignetting effect to absorption the eyes connected the centre of the image, too.
"We've learned a batch astir interactions betwixt hedgehogs and foxes - it's important to retrieve that foxes are opportunistic predators and tin onslaught hedgehogs.
"The hedgehogs thin to curl up arsenic soon arsenic they spot a fox.
"Fox cubs look precise inquisitive astir them, trying to nip them oregon propulsion them, but soon larn not to hazard a prickly injury.
"Only erstwhile did we grounds an onslaught - a vixen grabbed a hedgehog by the backmost limb and flipped it successful the air.
A 2018 study suggested UK hedgehog numbers had halved since 2000, with the animals disappearing much rapidly successful the countryside, arsenic hedgerows and tract margins are mislaid to intensive farming.
"Putting holes successful fences and creating the alleged hedgehog highways allows them to forage for nutrient implicit wide areas," Mrs Maddams says.
"Keeping parts of gardens chaotic - which helps bugs thrive - allows much earthy foraging for hedgehogs and a spot for them to hide, nest oregon hibernate.
"For proposal connected protecting hedgehogs, it's champion to instrumentality to sources similar the RSPB [Royal Society for the Protection of Birds] for info connected how to marque your plot hedgehog friendly.
"I don't judge successful feeding foxes successful the garden, arsenic it tin pb to dependency connected 1 nutrient root oregon tin marque them the people of pest controllers if they walk a batch of clip successful 1 area."
More recently, Mrs Maddams tried her luck with her distant camera successful her section woods and was rewarded with a badger and a roe deer.
"The nighttime photography gave maine thing to look guardant to each greeting erstwhile checking photos connected my camera, successful a twelvemonth erstwhile each time felt the same," she says.
"I person proven to myself that you don't person to spell acold to instrumentality fantastic wildlife shots - successful information you don't person to spell further than your garden."
Photos courtesy of Ola Maddams.